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6. Pathways and Levels of Education and Training

Whatever your child chooses to do in life, there is likely to be a qualification and a pathway to help them do it. In many cases there may be a choice of pathways to the same career. Encourage them to look at the options available and choose the one that will help them succeed.

The table provides an overview of options at different levels. It is important to remember that qualifications at the same level have similar demands and degrees of difficulty.

LEVEL ACADEMIC  GENERAL VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL LEVEL APPRENTICESHIPS
Levels 4-6 Degrees,
Foundation
degrees
Higher National Diplomas Professional/
Management
qualifications
Higher and Degree
Apprenticeship
Level 3
(advanced)
International
Baccalaureate
A Level and AS
Level
(Entry = 5/6
GCSEs A*-C
minimum)
BTEC Level 3 National
OCR Level 3
Cambridge Technical
(Entry = 4 GCSEs A*-C or
Level 2 qualification)
Level 3 NVQs and
Vocational Awards
(Entry = 4 GCSEs A*-C
or Level 2 qualification)
Advanced
Apprenticeship
(Entry = 4 GCSEs A*-C
or Level 2 qualification
+ interview)
Level 2
(intermediate)
GCSEs A*-C BTEC Level 2
(Entry = 4 GCSEs D+ and
a school report or Level 1
qualification)
Level 2 NVQ City and
Guilds Level 2 Certificate
and Vocational Awards
(Entry = less than 4
GCSEs A*-C or Level 1
qualification or assessment)
Intermediate
Apprenticeship
(Entry = GCSEs at D+ or
Level 1 qualification +
interview)
Level 1
(foundation)
GCSEs D-G BTEC Level 1
Cambridge Nationals
(Entry = interview or
assessment)
Level 1 NVQs and
Vocational Awards
(Entry = interview or
assessment)
Traineeship or Pre-
Apprenticeship
(Entry = interview or
assessment)
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